For reasons I have not yet been able to figure out, @tobi is making me implement a couple of very rudimentary routines in x86 GCC inline assembler because he wants them faster than possible for mere mortal C. The first was a routine to calculate $\lfloor\log_2(n)\rfloor$ for $n\in\mathbb{N}$ and the second one was to zero out a large block of memory. For instance,

```
unsigned inline log2int(unsigned x) {
unsigned l;
asm("bsrl %1, %0" : "=r" (l) : "r" (x));
return ( 1 << l == x ) ? l : l + 1;
}
```

is about 50 times faster than the C-native Version
```
unsigned inline log2int(unsigned x) {
unsigned l = 0;
while(x > (1<<l)) l++;
return l;
}
```

even after optimization. For some reason, I found it tricky to google up the official intel x86 opcode reference12, so I am linking these here.