To reduce the size of some of my virtual machines, I often run the Windows cleanup tool to get rid of update artifacts and temporary files. While the cleanmgr command has some undocumented options such as /setup, /autoclean and /verylowdisk, I could not achive what I wanted with any combination of these: I wanted to have one command that simply cleans _everything_ without interaction. TL;DR: Put this in a batch file:
@echo off
set rootkey=HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\VolumeCaches
for /f "tokens=*" %%K in ('reg query %rootkey%') do >NUL REG add "%%K" /v StateFlags0000 /t REG_DWORD /d 2 /f
cleanmgr /sagerun:0
Essentially, this script manually creates the registry keys that would be created by a call to cleanmgr /sageset:0 and checking all the boxes. It then runs cleanmgr /sagerun:0 which non-interactively calls cleanmgr performing every cleanup task available. Remember to run this as an administrator to remove Windows update artifacts. Would you like to have that as PowerShell?


For some reason, [Jira]'s [formatting] is not Markdown. Since you write everything in Markdown, you might be looking for a converter. If you furthermore hate node.js as much as yours truly, the search can easily claim your soul. Rest assured - I think [mistletoe] is the answer we are seeking. It is a pure Python Markdown parser which can render the parsed Markdown in any format, and one of them is Jira. It even comes with a [script] for this exact purpose. [Jira]: https://jira.atlassian.com/ [formatting]: https://jira.atlassian.com/secure/WikiRendererHelpAction.jspa?section=all [mistletoe]: https://github.com/miyuchina/mistletoe [script]: https://github.com/miyuchina/mistletoe/blob/dev/contrib/md2jira.py


I am writing a backup script which is supposed to backup data to a remote server, encrypted, and run as a scheduled task on a Windows machine. If you want all of that, you will have to store the encryption key somewhere. Instead of storing the password in plaintext, I had the idea to use the [Data Protection API]. Initially worried that I might have to write a wrapper for [CryptProtectData] myself, I quickly found the decent looking github project [DPAPIbridge]. Ultimately however, I figured out that Powershell can do all things. Presenting vault.ps1:
Param(
  [string] $StoreSecret,
  [Parameter(Mandatory=$True,Position=0)]
  [string] $filename )
[void] [Reflection.Assembly]::LoadWithPartialName("System.Security")
$scope = [System.Security.Cryptography.DataProtectionScope]::CurrentUser
if ($StoreSecret -eq "") {
  $data = Get-Content $filename
  $ciphertext = [System.Convert]::FromBase64String($data)
  $plaintext = [System.Security.Cryptography.ProtectedData]::Unprotect(
    $ciphertext, $null, $scope )
  [System.Text.UTF8Encoding]::UTF8.GetString($plaintext)
} else {
  $plaintext = [System.Text.UTF8Encoding]::UTF8.GetBytes($StoreSecret)
  $ciphertext = [System.Security.Cryptography.ProtectedData]::Protect(
    $plaintext, $null, $scope )  
  [System.Convert]::ToBase64String($ciphertext) > $filename
}
This script can be run as vault.ps1 [-StoreSecret SECRET] FILE. If the optional argument is present, it will store a protected blob containing SECRET in FILE, otherwise it will read a blob of protected data from FILE and print the enclosed secret string. [DPAPIbridge]: https://github.com/vincepare/DPAPIbridge [Data Protection API]: https://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms995355.aspx [CryptProtectData]: https://msdn.microsoft.com/de-de/library/windows/desktop/aa380261(v=vs.85).aspx [Borg]: https://borgbackup.readthedocs.io/en/1.1.2/usage/general.html?highlight=borg_passcommand#environment-variables


I am quite unsatisfied with the current state of full disk encryption solutions available for use with Windows 10 on a Laptop with SSD. This blag post will mirror some of what [Bruce Schneier already said on the matter][Schneier2]: I will discuss some of the options and point out problems. I am not offering a solution, just a variety of bad choices to pick from. [Schneier2]: https://www.schneier.com/blog/archives/2015/06/encrypting_wind.html Do you want to know more?


So you develop in [Microsoft Visual Studio Community Edition](https://www.visualstudio.com/de/vs/community/) and you long for the old days when there was a way to get the [MSDN Library](https://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/) as an offline help file? Fear not, you still can. Open Visual Studio, type Ctrl+Q to open the quick access bar, usually located in the upper right corner of your interface. Enter Help Viewer, it should yield one result by that name, marked as an *"individual component"*. Selecting that entry should allow you to download and install the Help Viewer. Now relaunch Visual Studio and start the Help Viewer via quick access in the same way. You will be prompted whether you want to download some *content* - and I bet you do.


Part of me wants to write about all the [horror](https://www.bleepingcomputer.com/news/security/ten-malicious-libraries-found-on-pypi-python-package-index/) and [glory](https://crates.io) there is to be seen in package management, but quite frankly it'll take too long. Instead, I will just leave you with a tiny piece of advice. Here comes. If you are on Windows and you want to install a *legitimate* Python package[1], which in reality is a bottomless pit, at the center of which there is a C library, straight from hell - then maybe get the [Microsoft Compiler for Python](http://www.microsoft.com/en-us/download/details.aspx?id=44266) instead of, who knows, wasting hours or even days looking for a less reasonable solution. Credit, as so very often, [goes to stackoverflow](https://stackoverflow.com/a/27327236/1578458).
  1. like for example [PyCryptodome](https://pypi.python.org/pypi/pycryptodome), because naturally you are **fully aware** that [PyCrypto is dead](https://github.com/dlitz/pycrypto/issues/173). [back]


I have a [problem with my Nokia 3](https://android.stackexchange.com/q/180669/197410) and decided to try the [Nokia customer support](https://www.nokia.com/en_int/phones/support) while doing some [recreational math](https://projecteuler.net/), that's what a great Saturday is to me. Don't judge. During the conversation, I grew very suspicious that I was talking to a chat bot. This was the first time for me hearing about chat robots being deployed in support by a [respectable company like Nokia](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nokia#Controversies), so I decided to make sure I wasn't being paranoid. Time for a Turing test! I guess you can never really know, but I am quite convinced they lie to me and are actually robots. You can try it yourself, just go to [their support site](https://www.nokia.com/en_int/phones/support) and start a chat. Would you like to know more?


My lamenting will be about the overall way in which device encryption is implemented in Android. This is mostly a collection of links where you can find out more about how it ~~worked across the recent versions~~ all went south. This article strictly expresses my own, badly informed opinion and you should check all the provided references carefully before forming your own. read();


We decided to use the javascript markdown engine [showdown](https://github.com/showdownjs/showdown) for the blawg, and [$\KaTeX$](https://khan.github.io/KaTeX/) for rendering latex. If you think that's a good way to go: Here is how to do it with wordpress.


We have updated the layout, also the posts are now markdown-rendered on the client side. Oh, and we switched to [$\KaTeX$](https://khan.github.io/KaTeX/) for math rendering. Since this breaks compatibility with the old hairball of plugins we had, it will take some time before all the old entries are fixed, but we are working on it.


My Windows desktop computer is set to turn the screen off after one minute of inactivity. It's usually a good idea. Except when I am reading something on screen. Then it is terribly annoying. Most media players can prevent Windows from turning off the screen by calling [SetThreadExecutionState](https://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/aa373208(VS.85).aspx). Well. So can I:
import ctypes
ctypes.windll.kernel32.SetThreadExecutionState(0x80000002)
input('screen stays on. press any key to exit.')
ctypes.windll.kernel32.SetThreadExecutionState(0x80000000)
Pretty neat, huh? Python really can do all things.


Es [gibt einige Probleme, im WiFi der Deutschen Bahn im ICE ein VPN zu verwenden](https://community.bahn.de/questions/1197692-nutzung-wifionice-ssl-vpn), und das ist natürlich ein Problem, weil es sich dabei um ein offenes und unverschlüsseltes Netz handelt. Die Bahn erklärt das Problem dadurch, dass Mobilfunk aktuell nur Pakete durch lässt, die maximal 1500 Byte groß sind. Da noch Platz für deren Header bleiben muss, sollte man die MTU auf 1440 setzen. Unter Windows macht man das wie folgt: Click!


I have started to [learn](http://rustbyexample.com/) [rust](http://rust-lang.org), and I am enjoying myself. This is a merge and update on the two fantastic blog posts on [how to setup Visual Studio Code for Rust](https://mobiarch.wordpress.com/2015/06/16/rust-using-visual-studio-code/) and [how to enable debugging](https://sherryummen.in/2016/09/02/debugging-rust-on-windows-using-visual-studio-code/). In my personal opinion, from among [all the available IDE solutions for rust](https://areweideyet.com/), this is the best. Do you want to know more?